EU Legislation in Progress
EPRS | European Parliamentary Research Service
Author: Maria Niestadt
Members’ Research Service
PE 630.263 – April 2019 EN
Electronic freight transport information
The movement of goods in the European Union has increased by almost 25 % over the last 20 years, and this growth is projected to continue. A large amount of information accompanies this movement, exchanged mostly in paper format. Yet the digitalisation of information exchange could make the transport of goods much more efficient and reliable, and yield significant savings.
As one way to speed up the digitalisation of freight transport, the European Commission adopted a proposal for a regulation on electronic freight transport information on 17 May 2018. The aim of this regulation is to provide for a fully digital and harmonised environment for information exchanges between transport operators and authorities. The legislative proposal is part of the Commission’s third ‘Europe on the Move’ package, which is designed to complete its agenda for the modernisation of mobility. The European Parliament adopted its position on the proposal on 12 March 2019. However, interinstitutional negotiations cannot begin until the Council reaches a common position on the file.
The movement of goods in the European Union has increased by almost 25 % over the last 20 years, and is predicted to increase by a further 51 % between 2015 and 2050. Total freight transport activities in the EU in 2015 amounted to an estimated 3 516 billion tonne-kilometres.1 Almost half (49 %) of these activities were carried out by road, followed by sea (31.6 %), railway (11.9 %), inland waterway (4.2 %) and oil pipeline (3.3 %). Only 0.1 % of goods were transported by air.